Trees are a great way to add value and beauty to your property, but it is important to know the right way to plant them.
If you just go outside and dig a hole and put the tree in it without any attention to detail and proper methods, your tree won’t be as beautiful as it could be. Worse yet, it could die.
These tree planting tips will help you give your new trees their best chance at a beautiful life. Grab your shovel and continue reading.
Prepare the Location
Planting a tree isn’t as simple as making a hole, putting the tree in, and covering it back up. You have to properly prepare the location and get the hole just right to support the life of the tree.
Once you’ve chosen a spot for your tree based on proper growing suggestions, you should dig the hole 3 times the size of the tree’s roots. Remember, the hole can be too big or too deep, so don’t get carried away. The hole should only be deep enough to enclose the tree. In other words, once the tree is placed in the hole, it should be level with the ground around the hole.
As your digging the hole, take care to make the slides slope to help the roots growth properly.
Give Special Care to the Roots
Remove the tree from the container it’s in, being careful not to disturb the soil. You want to remove the tree from the container without any sudden force or pulling so you don’t separate the tree from its roots. If there are any tags or labels on the tree, remove them now so they don’t hinder future growth.
If you have a tree that’s root-bound, you’ll need to fix that before you plant it. You can identify a root-bound tree by roots that have formed in circles at the bottom of the soil. If you see this with your trees, you need to cut the roots before planting. Simply cut an X in the bottom and make 4 cuts vertically on the sides of the root ball.
Taking care to follow this important tree planting tip will help your tree establish healthy roots that grow outwards.
Fill the Hole Back in Carefully
Your tree should be placed in the middle of the hole you dug. Before you dump the dirt back in the hole to fill it up, you should use some soil to hold the tree straight-up and in place.
Using the soil from the hold you dug, fill the hole back in making sure that it’s firmly packed and doesn’t have pockets of air. You want the soil to fill the hole around the tree until it’s just under the tree’s root collar.
This is one of the most important tree planting tips, and one most overlooked. It’s not enough to just water the tree after planting and throughout its first year. You also have to prepare the tree to hold water long enough for it to be absorbed into the roots.
The best way to do this is to make a basin in the soil that can hold water around the tree. It can be shallow but should be close to the size of the hole. Water the tree well and let the water soak in.
Once you’ve seen the water is absorbed, spread a layer of mulch around the base of the tree. It shouldn’t touch the trunk and should be a few inches deep. This will protect the roots from getting too hot and help the root system absorb and retain water.
During the first year, be sure to keep the tree watered. You want the mulch and soil around the tree to feel moist, but not waterlogged. You shouldn’t see any puddles remain during watering.
Now that you know our best tree planting tips, we hope you’ll have a successful growing season. Remember the team at Timberland Tree Care is here for all of your tree care needs.